The Eye Examination

The eye test is a comprehensive examination of your eyes and vision. It tests:

The eye examination can also identify some conditions of general health which you might not be aware of, such as:

The commonest way to assess what you can see is still a traditional letter chart, but there are lots of other methods which do not involve letters and can be suitable for even very young children. If your vision is not as good as expected then appropriate spectacles or contact lenses can be prescribed to put things back into focus.

The instruments we use

powerful microscopeThere are many different instruments and techniques which can be used to help examine the eyes. The tests which are most appropriate will be used. A powerful microscope is used to assess contact lenses and how they fit the eye. It also gives a very good view of the cornea (the clear front of the eye) and can help assess cataracts (the lens in the eye going less clear), and inflammatory conditions at the front of the eye.

Visual Field ScreenerWe also use an instrument known as a Visual Field Screener - it looks at the central area of your vision to make sure it is all present - conditions such as glaucoma will cause a defect in the field of vision. Another instrument known as a Tonometer can be used to measure the pressure in the eyeball - it blows a little puff of air at the front of the eye ( doesn't hurt, but it makes you blink!) if the pressure is too high it may indicate the presence of glaucoma.

Retinal Photography

A healthy retina

Using our "state of the art" digital retinal camera it is now possible to take high quality photographs of the retina at the back of the eye. This allows us to have a much better look at your eye, and also means you can see the image too. This is a fairly quick procedure, and in most cases can be done without drops. The image above shows a healthy retina

Early warning

Retinal photography gives a bigger and better view than the normal ophthalmoscope, and provides a record which is stored on the computer for comparison at later visits. This makes it much easier to spot changes in the early stages before your sight is affected, and treatment can be arranged that may prevent further damage whenever this is possible. This is a very useful tool and I recommend that everyone should add this procedure to their normal eye examination.

Sadly the cost of this is not covered by the NHS (unless you are diabetic) so there is an extra charge - currently £10.00. We do not make a charge for any children who wish to have this done. There is a special screening scheme for diabetic people who have this service provided by the NHS and do not have to pay.